Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are misshapen, enlarged veins that show underneath the surface of the skin. Research shows that a little over 1/3 of the U.S. population develops varicose veins. Veins like these are weakened and swollen from aging, forming a cluster of blue and purple veins, sometimes surrounded by tiny red spider veins.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), also recognized as Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is the narrowing of the blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to your extremities.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. 

How to Prevent Clogged Arteries: The Top Cause of Disability

Carotid artery disease, or carotid artery stenosis, is a blockage and backup of fatty deposits (called plaques) in the carotid arteries, vessels in the neck that carry blood to the face, head, and brain, that can lead to heart attack, stroke, or a transient ischemic attack. Reports have shown that 1 out of every 15 deaths are caused by stroke and has become the leading cause of permanent disability in the United States. 

Causes and Risk Factors

The most common cause of carotid artery disease is

  • Atherosclerosis 

Risk factors involved include

  • Age (increases with age)
  • Sleep apnea
  • Lack of exercise
  • Family History of atherosclerosis
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol

Carotid artery disease can be easily detected using a stethoscope during a routine checkup in most cases. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination, our vascular team may recommend the following tests for a more complete diagnosis: 


You can safeguard against carotid artery stenosis by:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Losing weight
  • Maintain a low cholesterol, low sodium, high fiber diet
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
  • Adhering to medication regimens that treat diabetes, high cholesterol, blood clots and hypertension

Once carotid artery disease shows progression and is likely to be an imminent danger to your health, our vascular team will decide on the following surgical treatments:

Minimally invasive technique under local anesthesia

Carotid angioplasty and stenting is performed by threading a tiny balloon through a catheter to open the area around the clog and then a wire mesh stent is placed to keep the vessel open and clear of obstruction.

Invasive technique under general anesthesia

Carotid endarterectomy is performed by making an incision in your neck and surgically removing the plaque from the artery.

Treatment for this condition is done in

Your local hospital

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