Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. These people are at risk for serious complications, such as death, resulting from pulmonary embolism, when a clot breaks off and lodges into the lungs. Other issues arising from deep vein thrombosis include painful swelling and permanent damage, called post-thrombotic syndrome. Other symptoms of DVT are reported as discoloration of the skin and/or warm skin.
Blood clots are formed in multiple ways. Contributing to deep vein thrombosis risk factors:
Diagnosing DVT is done by inspecting the extremities for common risk factors and using technology to find possible blood clots in the deep tissues. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination, our vascular team uses top-of-the-line, minimally invasive techniques to formulate a proper diagnosis:
You can avoid developing blood clots by:
Deep vein thrombosis treatment seeks to stop or remove existing blood clots and then prevent future blood clots from forming:
Compression stockings – reduces swelling in the legs, increases circulation, and prevents or decrease blood clot formation
Thrombolytics– these clot-busting medications are administered via IV or catheter and dissolve clots in a matter of days
Blood Thinners – there are various anticoagulant medications on the market (like heparin and warfarin), that reduce the size of the blood clots and the risk of developing them
Vena Cava Filter– a filter is placed in the largest vein in your abdomen, the vena cava, that leads to your heart from the lower body. This is useful in stopping embolisms from lodging into the lungs for patients who are unable to undergo medication therapy
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