Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are misshapen, enlarged veins that show underneath the surface of the skin. Research shows that a little over 1/3 of the U.S. population develops varicose veins. Veins like these are weakened and swollen from aging, forming a cluster of blue and purple veins, sometimes surrounded by tiny red spider veins.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), also recognized as Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is the narrowing of the blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to your extremities.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. 

A Cure Before Death: The Deep Vein Thrombosis Crisis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. These people are at risk for serious complications, such as death, resulting from pulmonary embolism, when a clot breaks off and lodges into the lungs. Other issues arising from deep vein thrombosis include painful swelling and permanent damage, called post-thrombotic syndrome. Other symptoms of DVT are reported as discoloration of the skin and/or warm skin.

Causes and Risk Factors

Blood clots are formed in multiple ways. Contributing to deep vein thrombosis risk factors:

  • Trauma
  • Bone fracture
  • Pregnancy
  • Surgery
  • Varicose Veins
  • Immobility
  • Cancer
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Birth control
  • Family history of blood clots
  • Obesity
  • Age (over 60)
  • Type A blood group
Diagnosis

Diagnosing DVT is done by inspecting the extremities for common risk factors and using technology to find possible blood clots in the deep tissues. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination, our vascular team uses top-of-the-line, minimally invasive techniques to formulate a proper diagnosis:

BLOOD TEST
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)
VENOGRAPHY
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SCAN (CT SCAN)
ULTRASOUND
Prevention

You can avoid developing blood clots by:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Supporting proper circulation by avoiding prolonged periods of inactivity
  • Smoking cessation
  • Losing weight
  • Following a proper diet
  • Taking prescribed medications as directed (usually blood thinners)
Treatment

Deep vein thrombosis treatment seeks to stop or remove existing blood clots and then prevent future blood clots from forming:

Compression stockings – reduces swelling in the legs, increases circulation, and prevents or decrease blood clot formation

Thrombolytics– these clot-busting medications are administered via IV or catheter and dissolve clots in a matter of days

Blood Thinners – there are various anticoagulant medications on the market (like heparin and warfarin), that reduce the size of the blood clots and the risk of developing them

Vena Cava Filter– a filter is placed in the largest vein in your abdomen, the vena cava, that leads to your heart from the lower body. This is useful in stopping embolisms from lodging into the lungs for patients who are unable to undergo medication therapy

Treatment for this condition is done in

Our vascular center, Frontier Medical Care

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