Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are misshapen, enlarged veins that show underneath the surface of the skin. Research shows that a little over 1/3 of the U.S. population develops varicose veins. Veins like these are weakened and swollen from aging, forming a cluster of blue and purple veins, sometimes surrounded by tiny red spider veins.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), also recognized as Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is the narrowing of the blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to your extremities.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an abnormal condition that occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a deep area of your body, like your muscles, usually in the muscles of the legs. Well over half a million people present new cases of DVT each year in the U.S. according to clinical findings. 

Turn the Tables on Peripheral Arterial Disease and Amputation

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), also recognized as Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is the narrowing of the blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to your extremities. When this happens, your legs generally suffer the most with the development of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or varicose veins. Leg pain is the predominant symptom with or without claudication, as well as loss of pulse in feet, fungal infections of the toes, numbness or weakness in leg muscles, immobility and more. Complications from this disease can lead to ulcers, gangrene, non-healing wounds, amputation, heart attack and stroke (due to atherosclerosis). PAD affects more than 10 million people in the U.S., making it the most prevalent vascular issue amongst patients we treat.

Causes and Risk Factors

The most common cause of peripheral artery disease is

  • ‍Atherosclerosis  

Risk factors involved include

  • Age (increases after 50)
  • Family History of PAD, heart disease or stroke
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • Excessive homocysteine in the blood

PAD is often detected through various non-invasive techniques. After a complete family history evaluation and physical examination, our vascular team uses top-of-the-line, minimally invasive techniques to formulate a proper diagnosis:


Be proactive against PAD by:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Maintaining proper nutrition (avoid fatty foods)
  • Avoiding OTC medications that contain pseudoephedrine
  • Adhering to medication regimens that treat diabetes, high cholesterol, blood clots and hypertension

To restore blood flow, our interventional radiologists will perform one of the following Minimally invasive surgeries:

Angioplasty – a tiny catheter is threaded through to the constricted blood vessel where a balloon inflates the area, allowing for placement of a wire mesh stent to prevent closure of the artery

Atherectomya tiny catheter is used with a surgical blade attached to scrape away the obstructing plaque

Bypass surgery – surgeons create an alternate pathway for blood to flow properly by attaching a synthetic graft, made of fabric, or a grafted blood vessel from another part of the body.

Thrombolysisa tiny catheter is used to transport a clot dissolving drug to the impaired blood vessel

Treatment for this condition is done in

Our vascular center, Frontier Medical Care

Ready to explore your options?

Call Now to set an appointment and talk with Dr. Marzouk and the top vascular team in Brooklyn!