Understanding Varicose Veins: Causes and Symptoms Varicose veins are twisted and enlarged veins. Any vein close to the surface of the skin (superficial vein) is at risk of developing varicose veins. But the most common is damage caused by varicose veins in the legs.
This is because standing and walking increase pressure and swelling on the veins of the lower body.
Varicose veins and spider veins – common and easy shots of veins – for many are simply an aesthetic problem. However, varicose veins can cause severe pain in other people.
Varicose veins sometimes lead to more serious problems.
Treatment may also include self-care measures or techniques that your doctor uses to prevent or remove it.
What is the definition of varicose veins?
Varicose veins in the legs are swelling or enlargement of the blood veins, usually occur in the legs and toes, and can arise elsewhere in the body.
Varicose veins can be blue or dark purple in color, and they can be lumpy, bulging, or have a lumpy appearance.
It is also one of the most common peripheral vascular diseases worldwide.
What are the risk factors for varicose veins?
The cause of varicose veins is still unknown, but the most important problem is that there is probably a weak point in the vein walls (the veins that lie directly under the skin).
This weakness can be inherited. Over the years, weakness leads to veins losing their elasticity.
The vein rubs and becomes longer and wider.
The elongated bowl becomes coiled to fit the same space it occupied before settling down.
It can look like a snake-like flashlight under the skin.
Women can be more likely to develop varicose veins than men, and their first appearance can be at some point in pregnancy.
In addition to that, the following can contribute to the appearance of varicose veins in humans with prior preparation, including:
1. Standing for long periods of time.
2. Weight problems.
Arteries carry blood rich in oxygen and vitamins from the heart to the rest of the body.
Veins return blood to the heart from all parts of the body.
Valves within the vessels keep blood flowing upwards near the coronary heart and prevent blood flowing back.
For people with varicose veins, angioplasty results in separation of the valve flaps (cusps or folds).
When a man or woman stands up, the blood returns due to gravity and does not always stop because the valve flaps have separated.
By doing so, blood rapidly returns and fills the veins, further enlarging the thin-walled enveloping vessel.
A few superficial veins are enlarged and their function is to allow blood to flow from the superficial veins into the deeper blood vessels.
If those varicose veins become enlarged, the folds around them also separate.
As a result, blood is returned to the lower back into the veins when the muscles compress the deep veins, in addition to rubbing against the varicose veins.
Many sick people also have damaged spider veins, which are enlarged veins.
Read also: Deep vein thrombosis cases in emergencies
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
– The appearance of varicose veins that are clearly swollen and swollen on the surface of the skin in the legs.
Sensation of heaviness in the feet.
Pain in the legs.
Some cramps or throbbing in the legs.
Feeling itching in the affected leg.
Change in skin colour.
read more : What is the cause of spider veins?
What are 10 proven tips to prevent varicose veins?
There are several ways to eliminate varicose veins, consisting of:
Regular exercise is one of the most important ways to save you from varicose veins. As the exercise will increase the strength of the calf muscle and veins and improve blood circulation.
2. Weight reduction
Reducing weight is a useful way to prevent varicose veins in case of weight problems and weight problems, as excess weight puts more pressure on the veins of the legs and feet.
3. Eat a healthy diet
Eating a diet high in fiber and low in salt contributes to the prevention of varicose veins, as well as weight loss.
4. Avoid wearing tight clothes
Wearing tight clothes narrows the blood vessels in the waist, thighs, and legs.
5. Avoid wearing athletic high heels
Avoiding wearing high heels for long periods of time and replacing them with flat shoes is one way to eliminate varicose veins.
Flat shoes improve blood movement within the legs and strengthen the calf muscle.
6. Stop smoking
Quitting smoking saves you from varicose veins.
Smoking contributes to their formation.
7. Wear compression stockings
Compression stockings should be available with different levels of pressure, chosen according to the severity of the varicose veins.
It is recommended to wear compression stockings throughout the day, to put them on early in the morning, and to take them off before going to sleep.
Compression stockings get rid of varicose veins by increasing pressure on the legs, which helps blood circulate in the vessels more effectively.
8. Avoid sitting for a long time
Avoiding sitting or standing for a long time contributes to the prevention of varicose veins, as it is important to stand and rotate for about half an hour to renew blood flow in the legs.
9. Raising the legs
Raising the leg on a pillow while sitting or sleeping relieves pressure on the toes and prevents the formation of varicose veins.
10. Sleeping on the left side
If the female is pregnant, snoozing on the left side instead of on the back reduces pressure from the uterus on the pelvic varicose veins, which reduces the risk of developing varicose veins and improves blood flow to the fetus.
What is the treatment of varicose veins?
Life Exchange is a way to treat varicose veins such as:
Adopting a complete lifestyle helps relieve pain and improve the condition by exercising, avoiding standing and sitting for long periods, losing excess weight, avoiding tight sportswear and leg lifts.
1. Compression sports socks: Compression sports socks are one of the first steps in the treatment plan, as pressure helps to move the blood inside the leg well.
2. Non-surgical treatments: with injection therapy and laser therapy.
3. Treatment of varicose veins by injection:
Injectable varicose veins treatment is a procedure aimed at getting rid of varicose veins and improving the appearance of the leg.
Which causes hardening of the vein and then its disappearance.
Treatment begins by injecting a substance that helps harden the varicose veins.
The concentrations of injection materials vary according to the dimensions of the vein being treated.
In the center, the injection step takes place under ultrasound treatment, and the solution causes severe spasm of the vein, because it disturbs the lining of the blood vessels to stick together and the dilated vein closes.
In addition, patients may feel mild discomfort for 1-2 minutes, especially during injections into large varicose veins.
The procedure takes about 15 to 30 minutes and the time varies according to the variety and area of varicose veins that are injected, in addition to the patient’s clinical condition.
Some important things before treating varicose veins:
1. Performing the necessary medical examinations and analyzes before the operation.
2. Clarifying all the health problems that the patient suffers from and the medications he is taking.
3. Fasting for 6 hours before the injection.
4. Injection recovery phase:
The health practitioner asks the patient to walk and pass the leg without delay after the injection to reduce clot formation.
5. Compression stockings are worn for two weeks after the operation.
The treatment of varicose veins by injection no longer requires a long recovery period, as the patient can return to daily exercise on the same day as the technique, and it is advised to refrain from exercising for two weeks after the operation.
6. Avoid exposure to the sun after the operation, as it leads to the appearance of dark spots on the skin.
Effects of varicose veins injection treatment:
The final results appear three to six weeks after the operation, and the treated varicose veins do not reappear and new veins can appear.
The doctor should be monitored periodically to test the results and determine whether the affected person needs to follow further treatment sessions.
Candidates for the treatment of varicose veins by injection:
Before starting any type of varicose veins treatment, the patient must perform a number of tests and x-rays so that the doctor can determine whether the patient is a candidate for this type of treatment.
There are individuals who do not apply for the treatment of varicose veins with the help of injections, especially pregnant girls or those who had a blood clot in the past, where the cause of the clots and the health of the area that suffers from must be studied. Desires treatment must be determined.
Laser for varicose veins:
The uses of lasers have increased these days in many fields.
In the treatment of varicose veins, a laser is used to focus light on the enlarged vein to close it completely.
The multiplicity of laser wavelengths contributed to controlling the degree of tissue penetration and affecting them, and now helped not to resort to taking analgesics after the operation due to the low pain rate.
The laser is applied directly to the skin and directed to treat small varicose veins.
As for deep and large varicose veins, they can be treated through the use of intravenous lasers. For this reason, the laser is inserted into the vein through a catheter, from a small hole in the thigh, to reach the affected vein without delay.
CLaCS technology today:
It is the advanced era used in many European countries and has proven successful over several years because it combines laser and injection.
Clacs has some advantages that make it so accurate in treating varicose veins, the main one being the ability to identify veins that could cause varicose veins in the future and treat them in the same consultation, completely preventing recurrence. From varicose veins again, by relying on a vein detection device that indicates nourishing veins that are not seen with the naked eye.
The Clax generation is also distinguished by that the patient does not feel pain during the duration of the injection or laser steps, so that a specialized cooling device is used, as it cools the place to get rid of the blood. The feeling of pain.