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Varicose veins: What is the main cause of varicose veins?

by | Nov 12, 2022 | Varicose Veins | 0 comments

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged blood vessels. Any vein that’s close to the skin’s outside (superficial) can come varicosed. Veins are twisted and most generally affect the veins in the legs.

Because stand and walk  increase the pressure in the veins of the lower limbs. For numerous, swollen veins and spider veins — a common, mild variation of  veins are simply a ornamental concern.

pain and discomfort can be other symptoms for other ones.  Occasionally veins lead to more-serious problems. Treatment may comprise  self- care measures or measurements  done by doctors to close or remove veins.

Is a varicose vein serious?


What are varicose veins?

Varicose  (spider) vessels are dilated, bulging, twisted or enlarged blood vessels that usually occur on the legs and feet, and may occur elsewhere in the body.

Varicose might be blue or dark purple, and they mightbe lumpy, or have an appearance.

It is one of the most common peripheral vascular diseases in the world.

What are causes of varicose veins?

The cause of varicose  (spider) vessels of  legs and skin surface  is still unknown, but the main problem is that they are located just under the skin.

This weakness might be inherited. Over time, the weakness leads to they being flexible.

It looks like a snake-like protrusion under the skin.

Women might be more likely to develop enlarged  varicose (spider) veins than men, and they might appear during pregnancy.

What are types of varicose veins?

There are two types of them that impact the body, the most prominent of which are the following:

The first type: that occurs suddenly without reasons or disease that led to it appearances, and is often associated with genetic factor related to the weakness of the interfacial tissue of the body, and includes that impact the testicles and anal hemorrhoids, in addition to hernias.

Flat feet, which increases the chance of developing this type of varicose (spider) veins is standing for long periods of time.

The second type: This occurs as a result of a previous disease, or occurs as a complication of other diseases, and includes that impact pregnant, legs and swollen pelvic areas.

Medical treatment for varicose veins


What are the causes of varicose veins?

Varicose (spider) veins occur when they enlarge, expand and fill with blood, appearing through the skin swollen, prominent, bluish-purple or red, and often painful.

It is a common condition that affects 25% of women and usually appears on the lower legs.

The veins contain a group of one-way valves, which prevents blood from flowing backward, but when these valves malfunction or something occurs in the veins, or if the walls of the vein become tight and inflexible, blood begins to accumulate in the veins and does not return to the heart again.

And may in a weakened valve, blood leaks backward or eventually flows in the opposite direction, resulting in enlarged or twisted of  varicose (spider) veins.

Varicose veins of  legs and skin surface more usually  appear in the legs because the leg are under a lot of compression to return blood to the heart.

There are many factors that increase the chances of developing varicose veins, including:

1.pregnancy.

2.Menopause.

3.Advanced age (increased incidence over 50 years of age).

4.Standing for long periods of time.

5.Family history of varicose (spider) veins.

Varicose veins usually  appear at an early age as many factors, including:

1.Obesity: It is one of the most important reasons associated with the occurrence of varicose veins, as excess weight increases squeezes on them in the legs, the expansion of the wall of the veins and appear of varicose vessel  usually appear in skin surface.

2.Poor clothing choices: The quality of clothing might affect the health of the blood vessels greatly. Wearing excessively tight clothes or wearing high heels with movement or running might cause the wall of blood vessel to dilate, which over time might cause varicose veins usually  appear  in skin surface.

3.Stability in a certain position for a long period: standing for long periods is of most important reasons of varicose veins, as well as sitting for long hours in the same position that lead to swollen veins and varicosity.

4.Genetic: If the parents have varicosity, the possibility of their children being infected is great, and in this case it can be avoided by following healthy daily habits, and if varicose veins are hereditary, they usually  appear at a young age, and it is necessary if varicose veins of  legs and skin surface  are widespread in the family.

Many ones with varicose veins have spider veins, which are twisted or  enlarged capillaries.

What are the reasons of varicose veins in female?

Females are one of the most vulnerable groups to the problem of varicose veins  and this is due to  factor, including the reasons we mentioned earlier.

Pregnancy is one of the most important reasons of varicose veins of  legs and skin surface  in females.

As pregnant females, especially those who have given birth more than once, are exposed to appear of varicose vessel, because excess weight during pregnancy, causing the veins to dilate and swell.

In addition, lack of movement during pregnancy and weak capillaries are among the reasons for the appearance of varicosity in the legs.

Research indicates that hormonal disruption during pregnancy may cause the walls of the veins to relax, which affects the efficiency of the valves and does not work, which in turn leads to swelling of  twisted blood vessels.

The occurrence of hormonal disorders is not limited to pregnancy, as it may occur as a result of premenstrual syndrome or menopause.

During pregnancy, the amount of blood flowing toward the uterus increases to support the growth of the fetus, which puts additional squeeze on  twisted or enlarged  varicose vessel , weakening them and predisposing them to varicose vessel.

Varicosity also develop when the uterus begins to grow, as the expanding uterus puts pressure on the veins in the pelvic area, which can sometimes reasons them to expand.

Although pregnancy can increase twisted or enlarged  varicose veins, they improve significantly after delivery and lose weight gained during pregnancy.

Varicose veins Cream


What are symptoms of varicose veins?

In most cases of varicose vessel, the affected person does not feel pain.

The veins usually  appear twisted, swollen, and swollen, and are blue or dark purple.

Other symptoms that some people with varicose legs may feel comprise:

1.Leg pain.

2.Feeling that the legs are heavy from varicose vessel, especially after exercising or at night.

3.Bleeding continues for longer than usual when the area affected by the varicose  veins suffers a slight injury.

4.Lipocutaneous sclerosis: The subcutaneous fat just above the withers can become hard causing the skin  surface of legs to shrink.

5.Telangiectasia in a leg or skin affected by varicosity, and these dilated hairs are called spider veins.

6.Bright skin discoloration near twisted or enlarged  varicose vessel, usually blue or brownish in color.

7.The appearance of venous eczema or the so-called stasis dermatitis, where the skin in the affected zone becomes red, dry and itchy.

8.Leg cramps occur in some people who suffer from  twisted or enlarged varicose veins of  legs and skin surface when standing up suddenly.

9.Restless Legs Syndrome occurs in a high percentage of people who suffer from  twisted or enlarged varicose veins.

10.The appearance of white, irregular, scar-like spots on the ankles, these spots are Atrophie Blanche.

11.Swollen ankle.

How to diagnose varicose veins?

The doctor usually examines the legs and skin surface and visible veins while the patient is standing or sitting to diagnose varicose veins of legs and skin surface, and he also asks him about the presence of any symptoms or pain.

1.The physician also perform an ultrasound to check flow.

This test is a non-invasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves and allows the physician to see how the blood is flowing in the veins.

2.A venogram also be done to better evaluate the veins.

During this procedure, the physician injects a special dye into the patient’s legs and makes an x-ray of the zone.

The varicose veins of legs and skin surface in which the dye was injected are shown through the x-rays, which helps the physician see better flow.

Ultrasound and venography help make sure that there is no other disorder (such as a clot or embolism) causing the pain in the legs.

What are varicose veins complications?

Any condition in which flow is restricted properly carries a risk of complications. However, in most cases, varicose vessel  of legs and skin surface  do not have complications, but if complications  occurs, they include:

1.Bleeding.

2.Thrombophlebitis: Blood clots in a leg vein reasons phlebitis.

3.Chronic venous insufficiency.

4.The skin does not exchange oxygen, nutrients, and waste products with the blood properly due to poor flow.

5.People with chronic venous insufficiency develops varicose eczema, seborrheic scleroderma (hard and tight skin), and ulcers.

What is varicose veins treatment?

In general, doctors advise when treating of twisted or enlarged varicose vessel to make lifestyle changes rather than trying treatments at first.

The following changes may help prevent varicose veins from getting worse and include:

1.Avoid standing for long periods of time.

2.Lose weight and maintain a healthy weight.

3.Exercising to improve circulation.

4.Use compression stockings on the affected zone to reduce swelling.

5.Elevate your legs when resting or when sleeping.

6.Surgical of  twisted or enlarged  varicose veins.

If lifestyle changes don’t work, or if your varicose vessel are causing a lot of pain or harming your general health, your physician may try a surgical procedure, which is done by ligation and stripping the vein under anesthesia.

During surgery, the surgeon cuts the affected vein and removes it.

Through incisions, although vein stripping surgery has been developed, it is less common due to the lack of modern medical options.

Other Varicose Treatment Options:

A wide range of options are available for  twisted or enlarged varicose vessel , including:

1.Use of liquid or foam chemical injections to resolve varicose vessel.

2.Microsurgery system, using a liquid chemical injection to prevent narrowing of twisted or enlarged  varicose  veins

3.laser therapy.

4.Venous ablation, using heat waves and radiofrequency waves to prevent vein swell.

5.Laparoscopic vein therapy.

You should always talk to your doctor about treatment options and risks before choosing an appropriate method, which depends on your symptoms and the size and location of  twisted or enlarged varicose veins.

What are ways to reduce the risk of varicose veins?

1.Do a lot of exercise, for example, walking.

2.Maintain a healthy weight.

3.Avoid standing still for a long time.

4.Not sitting with legs crossed.

5.Sit and sleep with the feet elevated on the pillow.

6.Anyone standing up for their job should try to move at least once every 30 minutes.

Finally, Varicoses typically happen or caused inside abnormal or large veins anywhere and and they twist and overfilled and appear tortuous and need to surgeons for these patients.